Toshishiro Obata

 

In 1966, Toshishiro Obata left a small town in Gunma prefecture, Japan, and headed for Tokyo to start a vocation in the martial arts. He ended up at Yoshinkan Honbu Dojo, the origin of aikido, where he turned into a uchi-deshi,or live-in student, under headmaster Gozo Shioda. Toshishiro Obata stayed there for seven years as a student and instructor, in the end showing the Tokyo Metropolitan Riot Police course. During that time, his samurai education in Japanese swordsmanship started — specifically, when he observed several demonstrations by Taizaburo Nakamura, headmaster of nakamura-ryu.

 

Obata

Toshishiro Obata left the Yoshinkan in 1973 to pursue swordsmanship full time. He studied and accomplished high rank in numerous other prestigious Japanese schools, including ioriken battojutsu, toyama-ryu, yagyu shinkage-ryu, kashima shin-ryuand Ryukyu kobudo. He also joined the Tokyo Wakakoma, Japan’s world class gathering of stuntmen and battle choreographers, and was responsible for the presentation and increasing notoriety of aikido on Japanese television and in movies. During this time, he also won seven consecutive All-Japan Target-Cutting Championships.

All through his studies, it got to be clear to Toshishiro Obata that albeit every sword school had its own strengths, none of them taught a complete, comprehensive system. In Japan, customary schools aren’t allowed to change or even develop their unique educational program. Every art is considered a living, breathing historical treasure that must be preserved as loyally and precisely as possible.

The inheritor of a customary school is subsequently compelled by a sense of honor to show techniques, preparing methods and ideals precisely as he learned them. To change anything would be seen as disrespectful to the art’s founder. It was hence that Toshishiro Obata, having mastered a large portion of the old schools, came to America in 1980 to start a comprehensive samurai education system known as shinkendo Japanese swordsmanship.

For this samurai education system, Toshishiro Obata chose the name “shinkendo” for a mixed bag of reasons. The expression can be translated in several ways, yet perhaps the most imperative one is “method for the genuine sword.” That doesn’t just allude to honing with a genuine sword; it also means studying genuine, complete swordsmanship — a basic component in one’s general samurai training.

 

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Tomoe Gozen

Tomoe Gozen (巴 御前) (1157–1247) was a late twelfth-century female samurai warrior (onna bugeisha), known for her valiance and quality. She is accepted to have battled in and survived the Genpei War (1180–1185).

She was additionally the mistress of Minamoto no Yoshinaka.

Tomoe Gozen

In the wake of overcoming the Taira and driving them into the western areas, Minamoto no Yoshinaka (Tomoe’s expert) took Kyoto and sought to be the pioneer of the Minamoto tribe. His cousin Yoritomowas provoked to pound Yoshinaka, and sent his siblings Yoshitsune and Noriyori to slaughter him. Yoshinaka battled Yoritomo’s powers at the Battle of Awazu on February 21, 1184, where Tomoe Gozen purportedly took no less than one leader of the adversary. Despite the fact that Yoshinaka’s troops battled fearlessly, they were dwarfed and overpowered. At the point when Yoshinaka was vanquished there, with just a couple of his soldiers standing, he advised Tomoe Gozen to escape in light of the fact that he needed to kick the bucket with his foster sibling Imai no Shiro Kanehira and he said that he would be embarrassed in the event that he passed on with a lady.

There are fluctuated records of what emulated. At Battle of Awazu in 1184, she is known for executing Honda no Moroshige of Musashi. Hatakeyama Shigetada likewise knows her for having slaughtered Uchida Ieyoshi and for getting away catch.

After the fight, as per Heike Monogatari she surrendered the sword. It is likewise said that she was vanquished by Wada Yoshimori and turned into his wife. After Wada kicked the bucket, she was said to have turned into a sister in Echizen. These diverse stories are what give the story of Tomoe Gozen its interest. She was never demonstrated to have been a chronicled figure so she could likewise be a development of the creator of Heike Monogatari. In any case, the grave of Yoshinaka’s other female orderly Yamabuki Gozen does exist and the vast majority of the occurrences in The Tale of the Heike are accepted by students of history to be valid.

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Koryu

Japanese martial arts have a long and beautiful history personally joined with the historical backdrop of Japan and the samurai. The specialty of war has enormously molded and affected Japan’s warrior class, which thus helped forming Japanese martial arts. Japan has persisted through numerous years of clash. Because of this, the most punctual individuals of the island country had since a long time ago rehearsed the development, investment, and improvement of battle and weaponry.we are most acquainted with the generally new manifestations of Japanese martial arts, for example, kendo, aikido, and karate. Koryū is a much more established manifestation of Japanese martial arts that originates before the Meiji rebuilding (1868).

Koryu

Koryū (古流, old fashioned) and kobudō (古武道, antiquated martial arts) are Japanese terms both used to depict aged Japanese martial arts and schools of martial arts starting in Japan. Kobudō is known to check the early phases of the Tokugawa period (1603-1868) when decision force was combined in the Tokugawa family. Kobudō takes after the needs request of first ethics, second train, and third stylish. Koryū is accepted to be in charge of starting the major socio-political changes that drove inevitably to the modernization of Japan. The koryū framework takes after the needs request of first battle, second teach and third ethics. The main role of learning koryū was for utilizing the skills as a part of war.

A percentage of the skills taught in koryū include:

Bōjutsu (棒術, “staff technique”) – this martial workmanship technique utilizes a staff weapon called bō. It is thought to be one of the center components of traditional martial training. It takes after the theory that the bō is simply an “expansion of one’s appendages” where one figures out how to ace the bō and utilizing it as a part of striking, swinging, and pushing systems to avoid an adversary.

Naginatajutsu (長刀術) –the martial specialty of wielding the old Japanese weapon, naginata, a wooden shaft with a bended razor sharp edge toward the end.

Jittejutsu (十手術) – the martial specialty of utilizing the jitte, an extraordinary weapon utilized by police amid the Edo period. It empowered cops to incapacitate and capture crooks who generally conveyed a sword.

Kyūjutsu (弓術, specialty of bows and arrows) – the martial workmanship investigation of wielding a bow. From the Kamakura period to the Muromachi period (1185-1568), the bow was viewed as the symbol for the professional warrior.

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Major Jujitsu Techniques

A jujitsu throw

A jujitsu throw

In mixed martial arts, the ground game is very vital to winning and a lot had opted to train in jujitsu to improve this aspect of their fighting. There are a lot of major categories of jujitsu techniques and one of them is joint locking. Joint locks can be done on any part of the body that bends. These places can be fingers, wrists, elbows, shoulders or knees.  Doing locks can comprise of gaining advantage for throwing techniques, persuading cooperation, submission, or restraining an attacker. The locks can also be used for interrogation or torture purposes. Police usually use locks to control an apprehended suspect before securing them with handcuffs. In modern sporting contests of jujitsu, bouts fights are usually concluded when one submits due to a successful joint lock.

Another major technique in jujitsu is the chokehold. This technique includes gi-chokes or strangling using the lapel, and no-gi. This is usually used to kill or knock unconscious someone. During combat, a choking technique can permanently disconnect the windpipe from the ligament that supports it, thus causing death by asphyxiation.  The technique can also be used for non-lethal restraining of an opponent. By completely obstructing the flow of blood to the brain, one will be able to knock an opponent unconscious in 3 to 7 seconds. If one wishes to kill by strangulation, it would take just over a minute before brain death occurs. In modern jujitsu competitions, chokes are usually forbidden. They are allowed in judo competitions though. Strangulation is more prevalent in competitions because they can be used without killing, so full leverage can be done to help restrain an opponent. In Jujutsu, there are a lot ways to counter chokes or strangling attacks. This can be the reason why Jujutsu’s is so popular in self-defence applications.

jiu-jitsu choke hold

jiu-jitsu choke hold

Another important technique is striking. Strikes are generally taught in all martial arts, but the definite strike inclinations differ by system. In Jujitsu, all the known striking techniques can be used as tools; nothing is forbidden by doctrine. Jujutsu emphasises the control of an opponent’s balance and strikes are tools to obtain this goal. Another technique very much related to striking is Atemi. It is the art of striking pressure points or physiological targets for kuzushi  or the breaking of an opponent’s balance. This is also done to disable an opponent. Atemi is the art of striking the human body to cause definite physical effects for various applications. The term “atemi” is also sometimes used for any technique that has the main purpose of distracting an opponent which would form as a set-up for another technique.

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Jujitsu Beginnings

Jujitsu in an agricultural school (1920)

Jujitsu in an agricultural school (1920)

Jujutsu came to life around the time of the Sengoku part of the Muromachi period in 1532. The martial arts was said to be created by Takenouchi Hisamori, a military strategist and lord of the Mimasaka Province. Takenouchi merged several Japanese close combat martial arts that shine the most in situations where weapons were useless. Unlike the neighbouring nations of China and Okinawa whose martial arts revolved around striking techniques, Japanese hand to hand combat forms were more on throwing, immobilising, joint locks and choking. This is mainly because striking techniques were useless against an opponent wearing armor. The original forms of jujutsu like the Takenouchi-ryū was more focused on teaching parries and counterattacks against long weapons like swords or spears by just using daggers or other types of small weapons.

During the start of the 17th century, jujutsu continued to change and develop because of the stern laws that were enforced by the Tokugawa shogunate in order to lessen outbreaks of war. The law was said to be influenced by the Chinese social philosophy of Neo-Confucianism that was absorbed during Hideyoshi’s conquests of Korea. Eventually, it spread all over Japan through scholars such as Fujiwara Seika. In the prime of this new ideology, weapons and armor became mere decorations, so hand to hand battle thrived as a form of self-defense. New techniques were generated in order to cope with changing situation of unarmored opponents. This was also when striking techniques were integrated into jujutsu. This furthered the limited striking that was inherently found in the older versions of jujutsu that targeted vital areas above the shoulders such as the eyes, throat and back of the neck. Also it was in this period when the term jūjutsu was conceived. After this, jujutsu developed into a blanket term for a wide variety of grappling disciplines and techniques.

Samurais were the first practitioners of Jujitsu

Samurais were the first practitioners of Jujitsu

Despite this development, the succeeding 18th century had further changed the martial art. The amount of striking techniques used in jujutsu was significantly lessened. The primary reason was that strikes were considered to be less effective and used up too much energy. This lead to the striking in jujutsu being mainly used as a distraction to your opponent or to destroy his balance thus leading to a joint lock, strangle or throw. It was also during this same time that the several jujutsu schools began to challenge each other to duels. This became a widespread pastime for warriors who were void of battles due to being part of a peaceful and united government.

Jiu-jitsu

JIU JITSU jiujitsu

Jiu-jitsu is said to be the oldest of all the martial arts or the mother of all fighting arts. Although its real origin is difficult to pinpoint, historians say that the use of Jiu-jitsu can be traced back to India where the Buddhist monks that resided there created it. This martial art was able to travel and spread around the world later on in its history. It first hit China before it came to Japan and gain popularity beyond measure. This popularity was due to the usage of the Samurai class as their primary hand-to-hand martial art. They found it superior compared to the other martial arts at that time because of how it was able to perfectly conform and highlight the code of the samurai, which they called the Bushido (meaning the way of the warrior). This art was also utilized in the times of the samurai because of its effectiveness in close quarter combat, especially against armored opponents. The art of Jiu-Jitsu can be spelled in more than one way. The spellings such as Jujitsu or JuJutsu refer to the exact same martial art. The “jiu” portion of its name literally resembles meanings such as gentle, tender, yielding or soft. While the “Jitsu” portion states it as an art or a technique. It is described like this because this martial art is non-confrontational in a way. It doesn’t focus on opposing ones strikes with another strike. It doesn’t suggest the use of force to stop the force exerted on you. This martial art centers in on a more circular way of defending against attacks. What I mean by this is that you, as the defender, can use the force and strength of your opponent against him with the use of the techniques learned in JiuJitsu. I say it focuses of a circular way of defense because the way I see it, whatever the attacker throws at you will eventually going around at hit it back. This philosophy of defense is also evident to the other martial arts that were born through the evolution of JiuJitsu. These arts, to name a few, are Judo, Sambo, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Shooto, Aikido, Hapkido, Bartitsu, Catch Wrestling and German Ju-Jutsu. In this martial arts prime, there were about 2000 ryus (dojo or a place of learning and training the art) and although the number of ryu in our time today is most likely less than that 2000, it is still and will always be one of the most effective defenses in hand-to-hand combat.

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