Bushido Code of the Samurai and Japan’s Police Force

Judo and kendo are part of law-authorization preparing in Japan, and numerous cops keep on studying the martial arts all through their careers. As a rule, the toughest dojo in a city in Japan is a police dojo.

From one perspective, the picture of the intense police dojo speaks to an assumption including officers who like hard physical contact and appreciate showdown. That may be valid. In Japan, nonetheless, some connection is necessary to understand why things are that way.

Once the samurai caste was abolished in 1867, Japan made a national conscript armed force. They drew youthful men from the lower classes of society: farmers and tradesmen, mostly. In the interim, men of samurai ancestry were attracted to the police forces. That is understandable because samurai had for a considerable length of time been law-authorization officers.

It would be a ridiculous embellishment, however, to say that Japan’s police are its cutting edge samurai. As in the West, the law-implementation office in any Japanese city is sure to have its share of less-than-flawless characters: the scarcely capable, the way flabby and the trudging administrator. It’s not incorrect to say, conversely, that the esprit de corps of the police who are serious budoka is considerable. They have a tendency to see themselves as the line of defense in the middle of criminals and society.

 

Japanese Police

I’ve prepared with some Japanese police. I was just a visitor, and obviously, they were taking it easy on me. It was interesting to see them smoothly and effectively adjust when I increase my vitality. They always stayed a step in front of me in their intensity. None of us ever truly poured it on, yet they always poured just somewhat faster and a bit harder than I did.

A short time later, over sake and nibbles of aged squid, I asked about the spirit of budo in the police dojo. “It’s simple,” one of the officers let me know, his answer mirroring the samurai legacy. “I may not win, yet I won’t ever lose.”

 

Image by tofugu.com

Ninjutsu 

Ninjutsu is a systematized Japanese martial craftsmanship utilized for the particular motivation behind secret activities. The workmanship was honed by the shinobi or ninja that rose to noticeable quality amid Japan’s Sengoku period (1467-1573; otherwise known as Warring States period). In any case, the birthplace of ninjutsu is generally as cryptic as the men who honed the craftsmanship.

One form guesses that the ninja began through the Chinese Tang administration (618-907); the initially recorded faction of professional killers honed their mystery arts in the timberlands of northern China. It was amid Korea’s Three Kingdoms period (around A.d. 663, Koguryo, Paechta and Silla kingdoms) that the Tang-upheld Silla utilized Chinese professional killers to annihilation the Japanese-back Paechta. This offered climb to the Korean sulsa professional killers that perhaps impacted the ascent of the ninja.

Ninjitsu

A great many people are acquainted with the romanticized picture of a ninja: individuals circling in face-secured dark clothing. Nonetheless, the best ninja are the ones sitting alongside you in math class, mixing into their surroundings. Ninjutsu envelops kicking, hooking and taijustsu (straight and round void hand skills). It additionally stresses the utilization of customary weapons, for example, the sword, knife, dart, weighted chain and shurikens(ninja stars). The ninja experienced unbending training to learn ninjutsu techniques at mystery camps, typically set up in the mountains. The schools were scattered all through focal Japan, with most arranged in Iga and Koga regions. Day by day, ninjutsu training concentrated on getting to be proficient in the utilization of the sword, bow and bolt, skewer andtonki. Close consideration was likewise paid to divider climbing, stream intersection and the utilization of extraordinary gadgets. They additionally figured out how to wind up master horsemen. Ninjutsu training additionally included strolling with geta (wooden shoes) on ice to attain to flawless waist offset and noiseless treading. A ninja’s shoes were uniquely padded with cotton material so he could walk and bounce quietly. At the point when strolling around the side of a structure, a ninja pressed his luck run dry and stepped sideways to anticipate recognition

Cutting edge training renounces past ninja skills like horsemanship, explosives and toxic substances.

 

Picture by houseofjapan.com

The Greatest Judoka

Masahiko Kimura at 24 years old

Masahiko Kimura at 24 years old

Fans of mixed martial arts are familiar with the submission move called the “Kimura” but most do not know that the name came from one of the strongest fighters of Japan. Masahiko Kimura, born on September 10, 1917 and died on April 18, 1993, was a Japanese judoka that is generally accepted to be best judoka of all time. The strong man was born on September 10, 1917 in Kumamoto and due to his amazing feats and bouts, the reverse ude-garami arm lock in submission grappling is now more known as the “Kimura”. This was the result of his legendary win over the founder of Gracie jiu-jitsu, Hélio Gracie.

The road to strength and success is a hard one as Masahiko Kimura started training Judo at the tender age of 9 . He was promoted to yondan, the 4th dan, when he was 15. That was only after six years of training Judo. He had already beaten six opponents that were all 3rd and 4th dan. When he turned 18 in 1935, he became the youngest godan, the 5th degree black belt. This happened after he beat eight consecutive opponents at Kodokan, the headquarters of the main governing body of Judo.

Aside from training in Judo, Kimura also trained Karate in his quest of martial arts. He believed that karate would make his hands stronger. Initially, he trained with what we know today as Shotokan Karate under the founder Gichin Funakoshi for two years. He then transferred to training Goju-Ryu Karate under So-Nei Chu ,a student of Goju-ryu karate legend Chojun Miyagi.  Eventually, Kimura became an assistant teacher, along with Gogen Yamaguchi and Masutatsu Oyama in his dojo.

The legendary fight of masters

The legendary fight of masters

Kimura’s amazing accomplishments can partly be attributed to his hard-core training routine that was being guided by his teacher, Tatsukuma Ushijima. At the pinnacle of his fighting days, Kimura’s training was composed of one thousand push-ups and nine-hours of practice daily. He was also constantly practicing the leg throw osoto gari on a tree. His skills at this move became so deadly that the routine randori or sparring sessions at the Tokyo Police and Kodokan dojos caused several opponents to suffer from concussions and loss of consciousness. Several opponents had asked Kimura not to use his osoto gari for their safety. Kimura was so good that some reports state that he was only defeated four times in judo matches throughout his lifetime. All his losses happened in 1935 and he was so affected by the defeats that he even considered quitting judo.

Images by judoinfo.com and wikipedia

Kimura’s Legendary Fights

The legendary fight of masters

The legendary fight of masters

Legendary fights make fighters legends. In 1949, after defeating several boxers, wrestlers and Savate fighters in Europe, the greatest Judoka of all time, Masahiro Kimura decided to go to Brazil after he was invited by Helio Gracie to fight against him and his Gracie Jujitsu. Both agreed that the fight would follow the “Gracie Rules” via the Gracie Challenge. In this type of fight, throws and pins do not bear points because the fight would only be concluded with a submission or loss of consciousness. This presented a disadvantage for Kimura because in Judo, the pins and throws can award someone a victory. Despite this, In 1951, Kimura defeated Hélio Gracie via a submission. In the fight, Kimura threw Helio several times using his arsenal of throws. It was said that he used the Ippon Seoinage or the one-arm shoulder throw, Ouchi Gari or the major inner reap, Uchimata  or the inner thigh throw, Harai Goshi or sweeping hip throw, and Osoto Gari or the major outer reap. These throws alone can knock out any person but because of the soft mat that was used in the fight; the throws did not do maximum damage. Despite being thrown around, Helio refused to surrender and eventually the fight shifted into groundwork. Kimura sustained his dominance on the ground by using techniques such as kuzure-kamishiho-gatame or the modified upper four corner hold, kesa-gatame or the scarf hold, and sankaku-jime or the triangle choke. Thirteen minutes into the fight, Kimura shifted position in preparation to use a reverse ude-garami, a shoulder lock by arm entanglement. The entire stadium rang with the sound of bones breaking but the legendary Gracie did not tap out. Kimura continued to twist the arm and more bones were broken. Gracie never gave in but his corner recognized the defeat and threw in the towel.

Helio and Kimura

Helio and Kimura

As a tribute to the epic win of Kimura’s, the reverse ude-garami technique that he used to defeat Helio Gracie has since been called the Kimura lock, or simply the Kimura. This is true for Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and, more recently, the entire world of mixed martial arts.

In 1959, Kimura found himself going back to Brazil to do his last Professional Judo/Wrestling tour. He was challenged by one of the great fighters of Brazail, Valdemar Santana to an “authentic” submission match.  Santana was both a champion in Gracie Jiujitsu and Capoeira. He was also at his prime of 27 years old. He stood at 6 feet tall, and weighed 205 lb. Valdemar had already beaten Hélio Gracie twice with both fights lasting more than three hours. The match was pretty much one-side. Kimura used his deadly arsenal of throws, namely the seoinage, hanegoshi, and osotogari against Santana. Kimura finished the fight with his famous reverse ude-garami or what we now call as the “Kimura.”

Images by graciemag.com and judoinfo.com

The Rise of Judo

Japan was the one who invented Judo as a martial art and it is well known around the world as an Olympic sport. In 1882, Judo was established when it was combined with jujitsu and infused with mental discipline. Sumo laid the foundations for jujitsu. Sumo has a long history wherein sumo was also being mentioned in the Nihon shoki (Chronicle of Japan). It is a document found from the 720’s that describe the history of Japan at the time of the mythical age of gods until the time of the Empress Jito who reigned as the leader of Japan from 686 to 697.

During the twelfth to the nineteenth century, the Samurai ruled Japan, these people were a class of professional soldiers. Due to this, Japan became a fertile ground for various martial arts to develop. The samurai were able to develop jujitsu to fight enemies in close quarters or on the battlefields since sometimes swords and bow and arrows didn’t seem to get the job done. Hand to hand combat was an important part of military training and several different types of jujitsu were evolved.

 

ancient Judo

ancient Judo

 

When the Meiji came back to power in 1868, the samurai’s rule of Japan came to an end, Western culture began to seep into Japanese society. Though jujitsu fell into a sort of decline, many young enthusiastic men rescued it from the depths of extinction. The founder of judo was named Jigoro Kano. Though Kano was an excellent student, he had an inferirotiy complex about his stature for he was quite small. At the age of 17 he worked to become stronger, he was able to join a school of martial arts called Tenjin Shin’yo school of jujitsu where he becme the apprentice of Yanosuke Fukuda a master of jujitsu. Kano learned as much as he could from this new school and he took all the best things and he created his own single new school. Here he birthed the modern form of judo, though at first he only had 9 students Kano was able to introduce Judo outside of Japan in 1889.

Judo became famous when Kano got pissed off with a guy and he threw the man down and he put his hand under the mans head to prevent himself from getting hurt. This maintained how judo would combine good fighting technique while not completely harming one’s enemy. Through the Olympic committee Kano was able to promote the sport to the world and Kano’s dream came true when the Tokyo Olympics in 1964 first recognized men’s judo as an official Olympic event.

Image by kuzushidojo.wordpress.com

Judogi

In the world of Judo, there are little to no accessories at all but the one thing that is required for this martial art is the uniform that Judokas wear. It is named Judogi and it’s the Japanese name of the Judo uniform that is worn for practice and tournaments. This clothing came from traditional Japanese clothes. The one credited for its development, Jigoro Kano used the Kimono and other Japanese clothing as influence for the first Judogi. This happened at the start of the twentieth century and this has caused the judogi to be the very first contemporary martial arts uniform. As time passed, the sleeves on the arms and the pants were made longer and there have been changes to the fitting and type of materials used. The cotton used is now bleached to attain a white color and the use of blue Judogi is now being done. Despite all this, the Judo uniform has not changed much since the original version that was made a century ago. The use of this uniform has become popular that other martial arts, such as Karate, started using this style of training uniform.

a white Judogi

a white Judogi

The judogi is composed of three parts that are made from various fabrics: the uwagi, a high-weight jacket, the shitabaki, a low-weight canvas pants, and the obi, a belt made from cotton. Although the uwagi is a bit alike to the petite styles of kimono, the uwagi is cut from heavy cotton. The cheap versions of this jacket are made from light woven cotton. The pricier types of judogi that are usually used for competitions are hand-made and are weighing at several kilograms. The heavy weight of the uniform is mostly because of the behaviour of the martial art of Judo that requires dense stitches and knee patches that have two layers which makes the judogi very durable. The obi or the belt are colored differently and are indicators of the levels attained in judo.

When being used in competition, the size, and fitting of the judogi is meticulously regulated by the IJF rules of judo. The rules dictate how long the sleeves and pants that can be worn. There are also regulations on how loose is the fit of the uniform. Non-compliance to these rules may invoke disqualification if the referee has determined that the fitting of the uniform grants the wearer a distinct advantage. All judogi worn for competition must be clean and have no holes, tears, or excessive wear. Last and not the least, the left part of the gi must overlap over the right one.

Image by gimono.com